Methods for Preventing Dry Skin

Strong winds and frigid temperatures are altogether normal as the season's advances to fall and winter. The climate, alongside dry indoor air, can unleash devastation on your skin. In addition, frequent hand washing and the utilization of liquor based hand sanitizer, which can forestall the spread of COVID-19 and different diseases, may leave hands more broke and dehyrated than normal.

“During the colder time of year, you lose water through your skin and afterward your skin is to a lesser extent an obstruction to microscopic organisms in the environment,” says dermatologist Margaret “Miggs” Muldrow, MD, of Presbyterian/St Luke’s Medical Center in Denver, Colorado. Your skin can turn out to be incredibly dry, aroused, bothersome or splotchy—and you can even break out with eczema.

Get free of dry skin and dried out lips with these tips from Dr. Muldrow.

Plug In A Humidifier
When you’re impacting your home’s warmth to keep your family warm, the dampness level in your house is most likely going to drop. Low stickiness levels make certain to dry out your skin, yet a humidifier will return dampness to the air.

Place a humidifier your bed and close the way to that space to secure the dampness. To keep the humidifier working appropriately, utilize refined water and change the channels as coordinated. Watch out for your home’s stickiness levels with a hygrometer or other indoor regulator gadget; a home mugginess level of around 30% to 50 percent is great for your health.

Shower Smart
While a steaming hot shower might sound great subsequent to journeying around exposed, you might need to really reconsider you turn the spigot right to hot. High temp water dries out the skin. Settle on warm water all things considered. Have a go at restricting your time in the shower to only 5 or 10 minutes.

Muldrow says to be aware of the number of showers you take each day, as well. “It’s alright to shower day by day, yet several showers a day is problematic.”

Use Mild Bathing Products
It’s simple to get suckered into the best smelling items, however, fragrances and unforgiving synthetics in body wash and cleansers will aggravate your skin. “Stay away from hostile to bacterial cleansers and body washes with loads of fragrances,” says Muldrow.

You can go through hours analyzing item fixing records, however Muldrow says to recall that aroma-free item with straightforward fixings are ideal. Search for names that say "color free" as well.

Moisturize Right After You Shower
Moisturizing consistently is extraordinary, yet the hour of day you saturate matters, as well. Saturate just after you clean up and after you’ve cleaned up. Balms, creams and moisturizers would then be able to trap existing dampness into your skin.

For patients with truly dry skin, Muldrow suggests a wet wrap. “Soak in a tub of tepid water and don't add anything to the bathwater. Get out, scarcely get dry, and coat your skin with Vaseline, put on night robe and go to bed.” She additionally proposes that cool squeezed virgin coconut oil can be utilized as a cream, as well. The oil’s cell reinforcements mellow the skin and may even decrease the presence of fine lines.

Hydrate With H20
Drinking a sufficient measure of water might help your stomach-related framework, blood course, kidney capacity and waistline, yet water likewise helps keep your skin cells hydrated. On the off chance that your skin isn’t getting sufficient water, it might become dry and flaky. “It’s significant you’re mindful of the quantity of liquids you’re getting, and to drink a ton of water, especially in the wintertime,” says Muldrow.

But recall: Everyone’s water needs shift contingent upon movement level, temperature, stickiness and ailments. For certain individuals, particularly those with certain kidney issues or individuals who take diuretics, drinking an excessive amount of can be hazardous. Ladies should focus on 91 ounces of water a day from both food and refreshments, while men should focus on 125 ounces. Continuously talk with your medical services supplier prior to sloping up your intake.

Want to Keep Your Heart and Brain Young? Do This

Here’s a startling fact: About 3 in 4 American adults don’t get the recommended amount of physical activity, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Even more sobering: Many adults don’t get any activity at all, aside from what they need to make it through the day. And as we age, more and more of us stop moving. Almost 23 percent of adults between ages of 18 and 44 are sedentary. For those 65 and older, it’s around 32 percent.

While you likely know that long-term inactivity weakens your bones and muscles, you may not realize that it can damage your heart and brain, too. This, in turn, raises your odds of dementia and heart disease, among other conditions, and can lead to early death.

But research suggests that getting exercise can help keep these organs healthy and delay or prevent their decline. And if you regularly work up a sweat over a number of years? All the better.

“You really need to think about ways to keep moving,” says Kevin Bohnsack, MD, a family medicine physician at Saint Joseph Mercy Health System in Ann Arbor, Michigan. “Everything that increases your overall activity can ward off that sedentary lifestyle,” he adds—along with the cardiac and cognitive problems that can come with it.

How exercise benefits the heart

As you progress through middle age, your heart gradually begins to weaken. Its walls get thicker and less flexible, and your arteries become stiffer. This raises your risk for high blood pressure (hypertension) and other heart problems, including heart attack and heart failure. And if you’re sedentary, that risk goes up even more.

When you exercise, your heart beats faster, increasing blood flow and supplying your body with necessary oxygen. The more you work out, the stronger your heart gets and the more elastic your blood vessels become. This helps you maintain lower blood pressure and decreases your chances of developing many cardiovascular problems.

It’s aerobic exercise—also called cardio—that really does the trick. Research suggests that consistent, long-term moderate or vigorous cardio training may be most helpful, though any physical activity promotes good heart health. “It can be anything from running to biking to rowing,” says Dr. Bohnsack. “Anything that builds up that heart rate.”

Getting in shape benefits your heart in other ways, too, by helping neutralize risk factors linked to heart disease. Exercise is associated with:

  • A reduction in inflammation
  • An increase in HDL (“good” cholesterol) and decrease in LDL (“bad” cholesterol)
  • Maintaining a healthy weight and staving off obesity

And though more studies are needed, research increasingly shows that exercise can boost your heart health no matter your age. For example, for one small study published in March 2018 in the journal Circulation, 28 middle-aged men completed two years of high-intensity exercise training. Compared to a control group, scientists found the exercise reduced their cardiac stiffness and increased their bodies’ capacity for oxygen use—both of which may slash the risk for heart failure.

For another study published in the August 2018 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association, researchers gave heart rate and movement sensors to 1,600 British volunteers between the ages of 60 and 64. After five days, they found that more active people had fewer indicators of heart disease in their blood. Not too shabby, boomers.

How exercise benefits the brain

What’s good for your heart is generally good for your mind—and research shows breaking a sweat on a regular basis can boost brain health in several ways.

First, exercise is tied to improved cognition, which includes better memory, attention and executive function—things like controlling emotions and completing tasks. It can enhance the speed with which you process and react to information, too, along with your capacity to draw from your past knowledge and experiences.

Getting physical is also linked to slower age-related cognitive decline, where we gradually lose our thinking, focus and memory skills. “In other words,” says Bohnsack, “if you like where you are, it’s a good idea to continue to exercise because that may at least help you retain your current cognitive function.”

And though the jury is still out on whether it improves symptoms, exercise may help prevent or delay dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. For example, one 2017 review in The Journals of Gerontology: Biological Sciences found that activity was associated with a lower risk of Alzheimer’s down the line. The link was strongest for people who purposely exercised in their spare time, rather than those who had physically active jobs. This suggests mental benefits may depend on your chosen activity, in addition to the time you put into it.

How does exercise do all this? Scientists aren’t completely sure. It’s thought that working out improves blood flow and oxygen delivery to the brain, helping it function better. Some research indicates it prevents shrinkage of the hippocampus—the part of the brain crucial for learning and remembering things. Experts also believe it stimulates chemical activity in the brain that could contribute to better cognition.

Finally, exercise may help lower your chances of developing other conditions connected to dementia, including cardiovascular disease.

When can you start?
No matter our age, pretty much all of us can gain from exercise. “There is evidence to suggest that doing more vigorous exercise earlier in life is more beneficial,” says Bohnsack, “but it’s never too late to start because everyone benefits from doing some sort of movement or physical activity.”

In addition to its rewards for the heart and brain, working out:

  • Boosts your mood and energy
  • Helps prevent injuries
  • Lowers your risk of other diseases associated with aging, like arthritis
  • Helps you remain independent

Government exercise guidelines recommend that adults shoot for 150 minutes or more of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity weekly. Ideally, it should be spread across several days. Cardio activities like walking, biking, swimming, bowling, gardening and dancing are good options for older adults.

Your regimen should also incorporate some strength training, along with balance and flexibility moves. (Think yoga or tai chi.) They can help keep you mobile and reduce injuries—especially from falls, which are often catastrophic for older people’s health.

Ease into your routine

Of course, older adults should always speak with a healthcare professional (HCP) before beginning any new regimen, especially if they have a chronic condition, like heart disease. Your HCP can help you decide on a safe, effective routine attuned to your fitness level.

And remember: Even if it’s just a short walk, any exertion is better than none. “Taking steps during the day to do physical activities or movement can be just as beneficial as if you joined a gym,” says Bohnsack. To start, he suggests simple moves like doing squats at work or parking farther away from your office so you can log a few extra steps.

It may help to use an app like Sharecare (available for iOS and Android) to help you track your daily activity.

Whatever you do, Bohnsack says, you must decide if planting yourself on the sofa is worth your long-term brain and heart health: “As I emphasize to patients, ‘A rolling stone gathers no moss.’”

Medically reviewed in November 2020.

Strong Arms for a Longer Life

Study after study reveals that muscle tone in the arms is a significant predictor of longevity and a younger RealAge (strong grip strength, pecs, core and upper back help, too) and it’s not something you can gain by hailing taxis or gesturing wildly.

Turns out that if your upper arms are too big (and flabby) or too skinny, you’re at increased risk for heart disease and cancer.

So don’t think a busy life will provide you with the upper-arm strength you need to stay healthy. You need those oh-so-important 10,000 steps a day, no excuses—and we suggest making sure you do two-to-three-times a week strength-training sessions that include over-the-head arm raises, triceps toners, using the arm bike at the gym and routines with push-ups like the ones at our site. (BTW: Carrying weights while walking is the leading cause of rotator cuff damage.

Only do it with proper instruction and for 20-30 minutes twice a week.) You’ll decrease your risk for heart disease, obesity, sexual dysfunction, certain cancers…plus, get better posture, a less-congested torso (let those internal organs have some space), better breathing, less shoulder and lower back problems and a better complexion!

How to Blast Your Belly Fat

We asked our Facebook fans about their biggest bare-the-body worry: a fat belly, a saggy butt or flabby arms. Not surprisingly, nearly 80 percent chose a fat belly. One Facebook fan said, “I am physically active…[and] am losing weight, but my stomach won’t get flat enough.” She’s hardly alone.

So, why is belly fat so stubborn—and how can you get rid of it? We went to our experts for answers. Here’s what we discovered.

Why belly fat is so stubborn

1. You’re too stressed. Stress hormones not only encourage your body to pack on more pounds in general, but also more belly fat in particular.

2. You’re getting older. According to Dr. Mehmet Oz, “The older you get, the more reluctant belly fat becomes.” He adds, “Doing what you've done in the past is most likely not going to work as well as it once did. You've got to change it up.”

3. You’re eating for speed. Packaged foods contain your belly’s biggest enemies: partially hydrogenated oils (trans fats) and simple carbs. Trans fats increase the fat in your midsection, says Dr. Dean Ornish. They even redistribute fat from other parts of the body to the belly.

Three ways to blast that belly

You can’t spot-reduce belly fat. To lose fat anywhere on your body, you’ll need to eat less and move more. And remember, says personal trainer Jeff Croswell, “This fat didn't come on overnight . . . so to think that it will come off overnight is ridiculous.” Try these tips to speed your success.

1. Eat the right fats. Make sure your diet is full of belly-busting monounsaturated fats, found in nuts, seeds, olives and olive oil, and avocados. Green tea is another fat burner.

2. Choose the right moves. Surprise! Crunches and sit-ups are often ineffective when it comes to shaving inches from your waistline. Dr. Oz suggests yoga as your belly-blasting alternative.

3. Get more sleep. According to sleep expert Dr. Michael Breus, lack of ZZZs affects levels of several hormones that influence appetite. Aim for at least 7 hours of sleep a night, and you should see a flatter belly sooner.

Dropping belly fat won’t just make you look better, it will make you healthier, too. That’s because carrying extra weight in your abdomen puts you at increased risk for everything from diabetes to heart disease to cancer.

For those of you who are more worried about a saggy butt, try Dr. Mike Clark’s butt and thigh workout. If you need a little extra help slimming down and getting into shape, try exercises designed to target your trouble spots.